You have customized the deck options and added a 24 hour learning step. If you don't remember doing so, you can use the restore defaults button in the deck options to prevent cards from being given that step in the future when you forget them.
The problem relates to old cards, not new ones. I see the next interval when revising my cards, and when I tap Good, I expect the card to appear only a year later, as is indicated on the button. However, the card comes up again the next day. And only after I have tapped Good the second time in two days, does Anki set the interval of one year.
Once you've failed a card, it will go through the relearning steps. Pressing Good will move it from the 30 minute delay you have set to the 24 hour delay you have set. If this is not the behaviour you desire, I recommend you reset your deck options back to the defaults.
This doesn't happen when I fail a card. That happens when I have pressed GOOD BUTTON, which means the interval of the card must immediately be enlarged. But that happens only after I have tapped GOOD the next day. That mustn't happen. Look at the screens I've attached. These cards have appeared two days straight, and the photos are taken on the second day.
The issue here is that the old scheduler applies the next review interval when cards enter relearning. Since you have such long relearning steps, the review interval has already been exceeded by the time cards finish relearning. It has been addressed in the new scheduler: